文章摘要
刘静,胥彦玲,张婧.基于知识网络特征的产业关键共性技术识别模型与实证研究——以新一代信息技术产业为例[J].情报工程,2024,10(1):028-041
基于知识网络特征的产业关键共性技术识别模型与实证研究——以新一代信息技术产业为例
Model and Empirical Study on Identification of Industry Key Generic Technologies based on Knowledge Network Characteristics: Evidence from the New Generation of Information Technology Industry
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2024.01.003
中文关键词: 产业关键共性技术;知识网络;节点特征;社区发现算法;技术生命周期
英文关键词: Industry Key Generic Technologies; Knowledge Network; Node Characteristics; Community Discovery Algorithm; Technology Life Cycle
基金项目:北京市科学技术研究院创新培育类项目(1220220491KF0049)。
作者单位
刘静 北京市科学技术研究院科技情报研究所 北京 100044 
胥彦玲 北京市科学技术研究院科技情报研究所 北京 100044 
张婧 北京市科学技术研究院科技情报研究所 北京 100044 
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中文摘要:
      [目的/意义]构建产业关键共性技术识别模型并进行实证研究,为产业技术创新布局提供参考。[方法/过程]从技术领域和技术主题两个层面,探索知识网络特征与产业关键共性技术特征的关系:将技术领域共现网络中具有相似性质的节点集合作为产业共性技术领域;根据网络中节点的结构位置,计算技术主题特征指标,最终筛选出产业关键共性技术。[局限]该模型未考虑不同国家或地区之间技术竞争与布局的差异,后续研究将进一步探讨。[结果/结论]本文以新一信息技术产业为例,识别出8个共性技术领域和20个技术主题。本文研究模型从专利文献内容和技术发展规律两个方面综合考量,确保了模型及其结果的科学性、合理性和可靠性。
英文摘要:
      [Objective/ Significance] Construct the identification model of industry key generic technologies and conduct empirical research. It will be an important basis for governers to formulate suitable policies and strategies. [Methods/Processes] This paper explores the relationship between the characteristics of knowledge network and industry key generic technologies, from both of technical field and technical theme. In the technology field co-occurrence network, the nodes with similar properties are combined to form the industry generic technology field. In the technology theme co-occurrence network, according to the node’s structural position that is the topological structure in the network node, the indicators of technology theme characteristics are calculated, and finally the industry key generic technologies are selected. [Limitations] Yet this paper does not consider the differences of technological competition and layout among different countries or regions, which needs to be further discussed in future research. [Results /Conclusions] Taking the new generation of information technology industry as an example, eight common technology fields are identified, and 20 technology themes are selected as the industry key genetic technologies. This model is comprehensively considered from the content of patent literature and the law of technological development, that ensures the scientificity, rationality and reliability of the model and its results.
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