文章摘要
戴力新,李红,戚湧.长三角地区技术转移与成果转化效率分析——基于三阶段 DEA 模型分析[J].情报工程,2024,10(1):059-071
长三角地区技术转移与成果转化效率分析——基于三阶段 DEA 模型分析
Analysis of Technology Transfer and Achievement Transformation Efficiency in Yangtze River Delta Region: Based on Three-Stage DEA Model Analysis
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2024.01.005
中文关键词: 长三角;三阶段 DEA;技术转移;成果转化
英文关键词: Yangtze River Delta; Three-stage DEA; Technology Transfer; Achievement transformation
基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目“基于专利分析的智能网联汽车技术创新网络治理研究”(71974096)。
作者单位
戴力新 1 江苏省科技资源统筹服务中心 南京 210004 
李红 1 江苏省科技资源统筹服务中心 南京 210004 
戚湧 2. 南京理工大学知识产权学院 南京 210094 
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中文摘要:
      [目的/意义]研究技术转移与成果转化效率顺应时代发展要求,对于加强技术创新政策优化配置,催化科技成果真正转化为现实的生产力具有重要的理论意义和现实意义。[方法/过程]利用包括随机前沿分析在内的三阶段DEA方法,以长三角地区的江苏、上海、浙江和安徽四个省市作为研究对象,对其2015—2021年的技术转移与成果转化效率进行评价,并对比分析剔除环境因素和随机因素前后的效率值。[局限]研究样本较少,未考虑科技镇长团成员数等可能影响技术转移与成果转化的其他因素。[结果/结论]结果发现长三角四省市的技术转移与成果转化效率整体较高,其中服务环境、科技政策环境、经济发展环境和随机扰动是影响技术转移与成果转化效率的重要因素,通过第三阶段DEA分析发现,四省市的效率均值有所降低。根据上述研究结论,从合理规划技术转移与成果转化资源投入、健全科技成果转移转化机制等方面提出对策建议。
英文摘要:
      [Objective/ Significance] Research on the efficiency of technology transfer and achievement transformation conforms to the development requirements, and has important theoretical significance and practical significance for strengthening the optimal allocation of technological innovation policies and catalysing the real transformation of scientific and technological achievements into real productive forces. [Methods/Processes] Using a three-stage DEA method including stochastic frontier analysis, the article takes four provinces and cities in the Yangtze River Delta region, namely Jiangsu, Shanghai, Zhejiang and Anhui, as research objects. It evaluates the efficiency of technology transfer and achievement transformation from 2015 to 2021, and compares and analyses the efficiency values before and after removing environmental factors and stochastic factors. [Limitations] The study sample is small and does not take into account other factors such as the number of the Science and Technology Mayor’s Corps members that may affect technology transfer and achievement transformation. [Results /Conclusions] The efficiency of technology transfer and achievement transformation of the 4 provinces and cities in the Yangtze River Delta is high overall. Among them, service environment, science and technology policy environment, economic development environment and stochastic perturbation are important factors affecting the efficiency of technology transfer and achievement transformation. Through the third stage of DEA analysis, it was found that the mean value of the efficiency of the 4 provinces and cities had decreased. Based on the above research conclusions, countermeasures and suggestions are put forward in terms of rational planning resource inputs for technology transfer and achievement transformation, and improving the mechanism for transferring and transforming scientific and technological achievements.
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