文章摘要
杨存,李溢,徐绪堪.情报需求驱动的水灾害突发事件应急决策情报体系构建[J].情报工程,2024,10(2):052-062
情报需求驱动的水灾害突发事件应急决策情报体系构建
Construction of Intelligence System for Emergency Decision Making in Water Hazard Emergencies Driven by Intelligence Requirements
  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.2095-915X.2024.02.005
中文关键词: 水灾害突发事件;情报需求;应急决策;情报体系
英文关键词: Water Disaster Emergencies; Intelligence Needs; Emergency Decision-making; Intelligence System
基金项目:河海大学中央高校业务费资助项目“水工程文化遗产组织与管理研究”(B220207038)。
作者单位
杨存 1. 宁夏盐环定扬水管理处 吴忠 751100 
李溢 2. 河海大学商学院 常州 213022;3. 河海大学统计与数据科学研究所 常州 213022;4. 常州市大数据挖掘与知识管理重点实验室 常州 213022 
徐绪堪 2. 河海大学商学院 常州 213022;3. 河海大学统计与数据科学研究所 常州 213022;4. 常州市大数据挖掘与知识管理重点实验室 常州 213022 
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中文摘要:
      [目的/意义]水灾害应急决策过程中存在情报精准性不足、主体间协作沟通不畅等问题,究其原因,是贯穿在应急决策全过程中的情报需求缺乏清晰性、准确性描述,导致有效决策靶向性不足。[方法/过程]凸显情报需求在水灾害应急情报体系全流程中的作用,通过识别水灾害情报需求,将决策任务细粒度化,构建水灾害突发事件任务模块库,建立面向水灾害应急业务及主体的情报需求关联库,以有效应对水灾害突发事件。[结果/结论]细粒度突发事件任务模块库与情报需求关联库,是在事前建立、事中补充的,二者的共同作用可在应急决策时使情报需求识别实现快速、客观,提高主体获取情报的精准性,促进应对策略的靶向性,提升决策有效性,最大限度降低水灾害导致的损失。
英文摘要:
      [Purpose/Significance] There are problems of insufficient intelligence accuracy and poor collaboration and communication among subjects in the process of water disaster emergency decision making, and the reasons for this are the lack of clarity and accuracy in describing the intelligence requirements throughout the process of emergency decision making,which leads to insufficient targeting for effective decision making. [Methods/Processes] To highlight the role of intelligence requirements in the whole process of water disaster emergency intelligence system, by identifying water disaster intelligence requirements, fine-grained the decision-making tasks, build a water disaster emergency task module library, and establish an intelligence requirements association library for water disaster emergency business and subjects to effectively respond to water disaster events. [Results/Conclusions] The fine-grained emergency event task module library and the intelligence needs association library are established beforehand and supplemented during the event, and the joint effect of the two can make rapid and objective identification of intelligence needs in emergency decision-making , improve the accuracy of the subject’s access to intelligence, promote the targeting of response strategies, enhance the effectiveness of decision-making, and minimize the losses caused by water disasters.
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