文章摘要
Amna Munawa,任定成,曹志红.巴基斯坦高等科学技术教育现状简析[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(6):53~62
巴基斯坦高等科学技术教育现状简析
Science and Technology Education in Colleges and Universities of Pakistan
投稿时间:2019-05-30  
DOI:
中文关键词: 巴基斯坦;高等院校;科技教育
英文关键词: Pakistan; colleges and universities; science and technology education
基金项目:北京市科协专业智库基地 “科普政策二期研究项目” (BASTZK-RWS-2019-0013)。
作者单位
Amna Munawa  
任定成  
曹志红  
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中文摘要:
      本文通过对巴基斯坦 2 534 所学位型学院和 175 所大学进行数据分析,发现该国高等科技教 育的现状是:(1)由传统的高等基础科学教育发展而来,学位型学院是其主体培养单位;(2)公立教育 为主,私立教育改善了公立教育供给不足的现状;(3)区域差异明显,伊斯兰堡、旁遮普、信德、开伯尔 - 普什图等省为教育优势区,俾路支和吉尔吉特-巴尔蒂斯坦、阿扎德·克什米尔地区为教育薄弱区;(4) 以基础科学学科教育为主,专业科技教育领域尚处于初步发展阶段且主要领域为医学、工程、IT、农业、 纺织、核科学
英文摘要:
      Through the data analysis of 2 534 degree colleges and 175 universities in Pakistan, the status quo of higher science and technology education is summarized as follow: (1) it is based on the traditional basic science and vocational education, and degree colleges are major training units; (2) public education is dominated with the supplement supporting from private education; (3) there are obvious regional differences that higher science and technology education in Islamabad, Punjab, Sindh, KPK are superior, while Balochistan, Gilgit-Baltistan and Azad Kashmir are weak; (4) the field of professional science and technology education is still in the initial stage of development, and the main fields are medicine, engineering, IT, agriculture, textile and nuclear science.
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