文章摘要
王金花.德国政府科技计划评估制度[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(7):32~36
德国政府科技计划评估制度
Evaluation System of Science and Technology Program of the German Government
投稿时间:2019-06-19  修订日期:2019-06-19
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.07.006
中文关键词: 德国;科技计划;科技计划评估
英文关键词: Germany; scientific and technological program; evaluation of S&T program
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作者单位
王金花  
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中文摘要:
      德国政府非常重视科技计划的评估。通过评估以检测科技计划中资助措施的实施效果,总结经验,提出建议,为完善已有的或制定新的资助措施提供依据。德国政府科技计划评估主要包括3种情况:一是专业项目管理机构在管理资助计划过程中进行的评估,二是委托外部机构专门针对科研计划开展的评估,三是项目资助机构直接开展的评估。不同形式和从不同角度开展的评估,为德国科技计划的有效实施和持续发展提供了有力保障,值得我们研究和借鉴。
英文摘要:
      The German government attaches great importance to the evaluation.of.scientific and technological.programs. By examining the effect of funding policies in scientific and technological programs, analyzing experiences and recommending suggestions, the evaluation provides a basis for the making, formulation and perfection of funding policies. The.evaluation.of.the.research programs.are usually implemented in three.dimensions in.Germany. First, the.assessments conducted.by professional project management.agencies.during the management of.funding.programs. Second, specific assessment of defined research.project implemented by entrusted external.agencies. Third, specific evaluation.carried.out.by.the.project.funding.agency. The variety of evaluation forms and views ensures the effectiveness and sustainability.of.German.scientific and technological.programs, and is worth being further studied and referred.
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