文章摘要
于 雷 尹昌君 赵紫剑.美国智库的发展及其对我国科研院所智库建设的启示[J].中国科技资源导刊,2018,(4):18~24
美国智库的发展及其对我国科研院所智库建设的启示
Development of American Think Tank and Its Enlightenments to Chinese ResearchInstitutes
投稿时间:2017-12-22  
DOI:
中文关键词: 智库;科研院所;美国;运行机制;中国特色
英文关键词: think tank, research institutes, American, operating mechanism, Chinese characteristics
基金项目:
作者单位
于 雷 尹昌君 赵紫剑 (中国林业科学研究院科技管理处,北京 100091) 
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中文摘要:
      智库大多依附于大学或者研究院所,是对政治、商业、军事政策和文化进行调查、分析研究并提供应对策 略的重要机构。以美国智库为例,从背景起源、发展历程、类型与职责以及运行和管理机制等方面,详细介绍美国智 库发展过程与成就,同时指出我国科研院所在智库建设方面存在的不足。在此基础上,从科研院所智库服务能力的培 育、提升和拓展3个方面提出构建中国特色新型科研院所智库的建议。
英文摘要:
      A think tank, also known as brain trust, mostly attached on universities or research institutes, is an important organization engaged in providing coping strategies concerning politics, business, military and culture based on investigation and analysis. The American think tank was taken as an example in this article. The developments and achievements of American think tanks were presented from aspects of origin background, development history, types and responsibilities and operating mechanism. Meanwhile, the deficiencies and problems are pointed out in the think tank construction of Chinese research institutes. Based on these, the advices to build the new think tank with Chinese characteristics were proposed for the Chinese research institutes. And these suggestions involved in three aspects—cultivation, promotion and expansion of think tank service capabilities. In reference to the successful construction experiences of the American think tanks, a suitable way of think tank development for the Chinese Research institutes should be created.
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