文章摘要
任延刚,马瀚青,王嘉昀.中国开放科学发展与治理的机遇、优势与对策[J].数字图书馆论坛,2024,20(5):22~27
中国开放科学发展与治理的机遇、优势与对策
Opportunities, Advantages, and Countermeasures for Development and Governance of Open Science in China
投稿时间:2023-10-11  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1673-2286.2024.05.003
中文关键词: 开放科学;治理;开放获取;政策建议
英文关键词: Open Science; Governance; Open Access; Policy Recommendation
基金项目:本研究得到中国科协科技期刊项目“中国科技期刊国际声誉调查”(编号:2022KJQK018)、福建省社会科学基金“‘数字福建’战略下科 学信息全媒体传播模式构建与策略研究”(编号:FJ2022C086)资助。
作者单位
任延刚 《北京大学学报(医学版)》编辑部 
马瀚青 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院文献情报中心 
王嘉昀 厦门大学新闻传播学院 
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中文摘要:
      开放科学是全球科研发展的关键战略和发展趋势,对中国实现世界科技强国目标具有深远影响。探讨我国在开放科学领域的机遇与优势,并提出相应的对策建议,旨在促进中国开放科学的发展,促进其积极融入全球开放科学的治理体系。开放科学本身具有强大的内蕴发展驱动机制,中国的制度能够从上而下发挥政府号召力,庞大的科研产出更能为开放科学的发展提供强有力的条件。中国开放科学已经初具规模,针对目前的传统科研思维模式与科研体制限制等问题,需要积极推进开放科学顶层设计,快速筹建开放科学相关机构和基础设施,改善开放科学发展环境,平衡开放科学发展与知识产权保护之间的关系,并且加强开放科学与相关产业的协同发展。
英文摘要:
      Open science is the key strategy and development trend of global scientific research development, which has a profound impact on China’s goal of becoming a world science and technology powerhouse. This paper sorts out China’s opportunities and advantages in the field of open science and puts forward countermeasures and suggestions for China to develop open science and participate in global open science governance. Open science itself has a strong intrinsic development drive mechanism. China’s system can give full play to the appeal of the government from the top down, and huge scientific research outputs provide conditions for the development of open science. China’s open science has begun to take shape. In view of the current thinking mode and the limitations of the scientific research system, China needs to actively promote the top-level design of open science, quickly prepare for the establishment of open science institutions and infrastructures, improve the environment of open science development, balance the relationship between the development of open science and intellectual property protection, and strengthen the coordinated development of open science and industry.
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