文章摘要
李红梅,聂静怡.对外贸易、FDI对新疆产业结构调整的影响研究——基于VAR模型[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2020,35(8):19~30
对外贸易、FDI对新疆产业结构调整的影响研究——基于VAR模型
Study on the Influence of Trade and FDI on the Industrial Structure of Xinjiang: Based on VAR Model
投稿时间:2020-07-19  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2020.08.004
中文关键词: 资源配置;技术赋值;外商直接投资;产业结构
英文关键词: resource allocation; technology assignment; FDI; industrial structure
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作者单位
李红梅  
聂静怡  
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中文摘要:
      随着“一带一路”倡议的推进,新疆维吾尔自治区作为我国连接中亚、欧亚大陆的重要通道,其经济发展与产业结构的重要性日益显著。本文分析了贸易和外商直接投资(FDI)对新疆产业结构调整的影响,认为贸易带来的资源配置作用和技术赋值作用及FDI的资本积累效应、行业示范效应和产业关联效应有助于新疆产业结构优化。通过构建VAR模型证实了新疆外贸发展对产业结构优化短期内有较明显的促进作用,长期看该作用逐渐减弱;短期内外商直接投资所带来的资本积累与技术溢出效应得以发挥,从长期看,对新疆产业结构优化的促进作用具有一定的不稳定性,且作用在减弱;FDI对新疆产业结构优化的作用力度与贸易发展相比更加明显。
英文摘要:
      Economic development of Xinjiang is becoming more and more important under the background of B&R. Now, Xinjiang is in a critical period of industrial transformation and upgrading. This paper analyzes the influence of trade and FDI on industrial structure of Xinjiang and argues that the role of resource allocation and technology assignment of trade and capital accumulation effect, industry demonstration effect and industry association effect of FDI are conducive to the optimization of Xinjiang’s industrial structure. It is confirmed that trade has a significant role in promoting industrial structure of Xinjiang in the short term, which is gradually weakened in the long term; FDI is also beneficial to industrial structure of Xinjiang in short-term, but the effect is instable and weakening; the influence of FDI is more obvious than trade on industrial structure of Xinjiang.
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