文章摘要
蔡笑天,李 哲,杨 洋.理性客观看待中国高校的国际排名变化[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2020,35(8):63~69
理性客观看待中国高校的国际排名变化
A Rational View of the Changes in the International Rankings of Chinese Universities
投稿时间:2020-07-15  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2020.08.010
中文关键词: 国际高校排名;基础研究;人才培养;学科布局
英文关键词: international university rankings; basic research; talent training; disciplinary layout
基金项目:科技部创新战略研究专项“国家创新发展趋势、国际经验与模式研究”(ZLY201822)、“国家创新体系重大政策问题研究”(ZLY201942)。
作者单位
蔡笑天  
李 哲  
杨 洋  
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中文摘要:
      作为国家创新体系的重要组成部分,高校①是我国人才培养和基础研究的源泉。通过对过去五年国内外权威榜单的统计分析发现,我国高校和学科的国际排名呈现持续上升趋势。应该注意,在这些排名上升背后,我国高校学科建设两极分化、基础研究能力不足、重成果轻人才培养等顽疾仍未改善。要想真正提升我国高校竞争力,发挥其在建设创新型国家中的基石作用,需要进一步明确高校的职能定位、优化学科布局、调整评价机制。
英文摘要:
      As an important part of the national innovation system, universities are the source of talent training and basic research in China. Statistical analysis of authoritative lists at home and abroad over the past five years reveals that the international rankings of Chinese universities and disciplines have continued to rise. It should be noted that behind these rising rankings, the problems such as the two-level differentiation of discipline construction in China’s universities, insufficient basic research capabilities, and the emphasis on achievement and less talent training have not improved. To truly enhance the competitiveness of China’s universities and play its cornerstone role in building an innovative country, it is necessary to further clarify the functional positioning of universities, optimize the discipline layout, and adjust the evaluation mechanism.
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