文章摘要
翟 军,范卫华,左云皓,寇红红.法国研究软件开放共享的政策分析及实践案例[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2023,38(2):67~76
法国研究软件开放共享的政策分析及实践案例
Policy Analysis and Practical Cases for Open Sharing ofResearch Software in France
投稿时间:2022-12-17  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2023.02.009
中文关键词: 开放科学;研究软件;开放共享政策;开源软件;源代码
英文关键词: open science; research software; open sharing policy; open source software; source code
基金项目:项目来源: 辽宁省普通高等教育本科教学改革研究项目“数智时代信息管理与信息系统一流专业建设的研究与实践”(辽教通〔2022〕 166 号 -339)。
作者单位
翟 军  
范卫华  
左云皓  
寇红红  
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中文摘要:
      自2021年起,法国相继出台新的开放政府政策、开放科学政策和开放数据政策,这些政策均 将开放软件和源代码作为重点领域,对其进行介绍和系统分析可为中国优化开放科学政策提供借鉴和 参考。采用网络调查和文献分析的方法,以法国研究软件的开放共享为主线,介绍相关政策的主要目标 和关键举措,以及实践进展,进而提炼对中国有益的启示。在“软件与数据并重”的全球开放科学运动 时代,法国作为科技强国和开放科学实践领先国家,其研究软件开放共享已走在世界前列,在推动数据 与软件统一开放、建设面向软件的开放科学基础设施和促进国际合作方面值得中国学习和借鉴。
英文摘要:
      Since 2021, France has introduced new policies on open government, open science and data, all of which take open software and source code as key fields. The systematic analysis of them can provide references for China to optimize policies for open science. Using the methods of web survey and literature analysis, taking the opening and sharing of research software in France as the main line, this paper introduces the main objectives and key measures of these policies, shows the progress of practice, and then extracts useful enlightenment for China. During the period of the global open science movement of “equal emphasis on software and data”, as a powerful country in science and a leading country in open science, France has taken the lead in the world in the open sharing of research software. It is worth learning from and using for reference in promoting the unified opening of data and software, building an open science infrastructure for software and promoting international cooperation.
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