文章摘要
吴松.日本重大科学装置的发展现状与趋势[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2008,23(11):~50
日本重大科学装置的发展现状与趋势
Status Quo and Development Trend of National Large-Scale Science Facilities in Japan
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 日本;重大科学装置;大科学;现状;趋势;政策
英文关键词: Japan; large-scale science facilities; status quo; trend;policy
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作者单位
吴松 海南省科技厅 
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中文摘要:
      在日本政府和财政的持续投入支持下,得益于产业界雄厚的技术支撑,日本已逐步建立起门类齐全、水平一流的重大科学装置体系。其重大科学装置建设立足长远,趋向多功能和综合化,致力创造世界纪录和开展一流研究,大力推动共同利用和产学研结合,面向国际合作,积极促进地方科技发展和带动产业技术进步。其经验值得借鉴,特别是其争创一流的精神和均衡发展的理念值得我们学习。本文对日本大科学装置的建设、管理及发展趋势进行了分析、研究。
英文摘要:
      With persistent policy and financial support from government, on the solid and profound base of science community, and due to vigorous technical support from the industry, Japan has built up a system of the world-class large research facilities for comprehensive sciences with its unremitting efforts. These facilities tending to be multi-functional and integrated are built to serve the future. Aiming at the up-to-date international standard, they would facilitate the most sophisticated researches to make world record breaking innovation, greatly promote their shared use and integration of research, teaching and production, stimulate international cooperation, and push forward local science and technology development and technical progress of local industries. What is particularly worth learning about is their will to achieve the first class of research as well as their conception of balanced development. This paper analyses and studies the construction, management and development trend of national large-scale science facilities in Japan.
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