文章摘要
冉美丽.美国 I/UCRC计划推动产学研深度融合的经验 与启示[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(5):52~59
美国 I/UCRC计划推动产学研深度融合的经验 与启示
Experience and Enlightenment of I/UCRC Program in Promoting Integration of Industry, University and Research in USA
投稿时间:2019-04-25  修订日期:2019-04-25
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.05.008
中文关键词: 美国;产业 /大学合作研究中心;I/UCRC计划;产学研融合
英文关键词: USA; industry-university cooperative research centers; I/UCRC program; industry-university-academy integration
基金项目:科技部科技创新战略研究专项“促进科技与经济融通发展重大问题研究”(2017ZLY32);2018年度国家高端智库理事会 委托重大课题“科技创新与产业发展深度融合的途径与问题研究”。
作者单位
冉美丽  
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中文摘要:
      设计激发创新主体积极性的有效机制是构建产学研深度融合的技术创新体系的关键。美国产业 /大学合作研究中心(I/UCRC)作为产学研融合开展产业竞争前基础研究在制度和实践上的成功范本,形成的一些高效机制与经验值得我国借鉴。本文通过梳理 I/UCRC的设立与成效,总结出产业会员制合作机制、混合经费资助机制、产业需求嵌入机制,以及社会影响力评估机制的四大经验做法,并提出我国产学研深度融合机制创新的相关建议。
英文摘要:
      It is the key to design an effective mechanism to stimulate the initiative of innovators for building a technological innovation system with deep integration of Industry-University-Academy. Industry and university cooperation research center (I/UCRC) is a successful model in institutions and practice by industry-university-academy integration to carry out basic research before industrial competition. It has formed some efficient mechanisms and experiences which are worth of reference. This paper summaries the establishment and effectiveness of I/UCRC, and summarizes four experiences in practices which are industrial membership participation and cooperation mechanism, mixed funding mechanism, industry demand embedding mechanism, and social impact evaluation mechanism. Finally, it puts forward some suggestions for the innovation of the industry-university-academy integration mechanism in China.
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