文章摘要
傅俊英,郑 佳,郑彦宁.中国巴黎公约国际专利的状况分析[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(8):34~41
中国巴黎公约国际专利的状况分析
Analysis on China’s International Patent Made under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
投稿时间:2019-07-20  修订日期:2019-07-20
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.08.006
中文关键词: 国际专利;巴黎公约专利;PCT专利;申请途径
英文关键词: international patent; Paris Convention patent; PCT patent; approaches to international patent application
基金项目:中国科学技术信息研究所重点工作“中国国际和国内专利数据库的建设以及申请后监测评价和比较研究”(ZD2019-15)。
作者单位
傅俊英  
郑 佳  
郑彦宁  
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中文摘要:
      PCT途径和巴黎公约途径是中国申请国际专利的两条主要途径。为全面了解中国国际专利状况,本文在之前PCT专利研究基础上对巴黎公约专利的申请及申请后情况进行了定量分析,包括两种国际专利的占比,巴黎公约专利的类型、进入国家/地区数量、授权率、三方专利比例和专利有效期等指标。结果发现,目前中国国际专利以PCT途径申请为主,而且所占比例逐年增长至2015年的81%;超过90%的巴黎公约专利进入3个及以下国家/地区申请授权;中国巴黎公约授权专利中获得中国大陆以外国家/地区授权的占到93%以上;其中具有较高价值的三方专利比例较PCT专利低。目前中国国际专利存在申请途径不当的问题,需要根据市场、技术特点选择恰当的申请途径。
英文摘要:
      There are two major approaches to international patent applications for China’s applicants: applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) and applications under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (Paris Convention).Quantitative analysis on application as well as post-process of China’s Paris Conventionpatent was performed on the basis of our previous study of PCT patentin order to fully understand China’s international patent. Indicators were studied in this paper including the ratio of PCT patent to Paris Convention patent, types of patent, number of countries which patent applications entering into, patent grant rate, triadic patent families and duration of patent right of Paris Convention patent.It could be found thatat present PCT was the dominant approach to international patent application for China’s applicants, which has accounted for 81% of total China’s international patents in 2015 after continuous growth yearly; more than 90% Paris Convention patents were applied in or belowthree countries/regions; the proportion of China’s Paris Convention patent applications which were granted by foreign patent offices outside mainland was over 93%;the proportion of triadic patent families which are regarded as patents with high value was fewer than that of PCT patent.There now exist some problems such as inappropriate choices in international patent application, and proper approaches should be chose according to market feature and technical characteristic.
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