文章摘要
王 宏,乔 岩.我国行业工资差距最新趋势、国际比较、实证研究与调控建议[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(9):35~46
我国行业工资差距最新趋势、国际比较、实证研究与调控建议
The Latest Trend, International Comparison, Empirical Study and Regulation Suggestions of China's Industrial Wage Gap
投稿时间:2019-08-21  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.09.006
中文关键词: 行业工资差距;泰尔指数;垄断;国有企业
英文关键词: industry wage gap; theil index; monopoly; state-owned enterprises
基金项目:
作者单位
王 宏  
乔 岩  
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中文摘要:
      基于行业门类和行业大类的中观统计数据,采用极值比、变异系数、泰尔指数等多个指标测度,可证明我国行业工资差距近期重新出现扩大迹象;且与世界主要国家横截面数据比较,当前我国行业工资差距依然偏大。结合面板数据回归模型、泰尔指数分解等实证研究结果证实,行业盈利水平、劳动生产率、人力资本差异、行业吸引新增投资从而造成人才需求旺盛等是造成行业工资差距的主要影响因素,行政管制和垄断也是重要原因。政府应当通过推动产业升级、持续提升劳动者技能、促进传统行业工资增长,减少行政垄断、约束垄断行业的超高利润,特别是通过完善国有企业工资决定机制和业绩考核机制,调节国有垄断企业过高收入等途径进一步调节垄断行业不合理过高收入、缩小行业工资差距。
英文摘要:
      Theil index and other indicators were used to prove that the wage gap in China’s industries has recently shown signs of widening again in this paper. Compared with the cross-sectional data of major countries in the world, the wage gap in China’s industries is still large. Based on panel data regression model and Theil index decomposition, the empirical results show that industry profitability, labor productivity,human capital differences, new investment and strong demand for talents are the main factors affecting industry wage gap, and administrative regulation and monopoly are also important reasons.The government should further regulate unreasonably high incomes in monopoly industries and reduce industry wage gap by promoting industrial upgrading, continuously upgrading workers’skills, promoting wage growth in traditional industries, reducing administrative monopoly and restraining super-high profits in monopoly industries, especially by improving wage determination mechanism and performance evaluation mechanism of state-owned enterprises and regulating excessively high incomes of state-owned monopoly enterprises.
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