文章摘要
丁 昶,郑勇惠.科技创新对欧洲与中国出口贸易的影响[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(10):25~36
科技创新对欧洲与中国出口贸易的影响
The Impact of Scientific and Technological Innovation toTrade Export Between Europe And China
投稿时间:2019-09-05  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.10.005
中文关键词: 欧洲;科技创新;发明专利;贸易出口
英文关键词: The Impact of Scientific and Technological Innovation toTrade Export Between Europe And China
基金项目:
作者单位
丁 昶  
郑勇惠  
摘要点击次数: 1434
全文下载次数: 1001
中文摘要:
      采用 2000—2017 年欧洲 26 国面板数据,借鉴索罗模型,推导得出出口增长率等于劳动增长 率与技术增长率之和,说明欧洲国家的科技发展能促进其出口。通过面板数据模型回归得出,欧洲各 国的发明专利授权量、每百万人 R&D 人员的数量、诺贝尔科学获奖数等都促进其对中国的贸易出口, 并细分欧洲各国三种专利的授权数量对其对中国贸易出口的影响。研究表明:发明专利相比于其他两 种专利促进其对中国的贸易出口更明显。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of digital transformation, scientific data has become the basic strategic resource for scientific research and innovation development. Promoting the open sharing of scientific data has a positive and important significance for the evolution of innovation system. This paper summarizes the development status and problems of scientific data in China, and shows that China has achieved certain results in the accumulation and management of scientific data resources, which provide important support for science research. However, there are still some problems to be solved in the storage accumulation, property rights, scope boundaries, and international cooperation of scientific data. It is recommended to strengthen the preservation, accumulation and analysis of scientific data; strengthen the rational definition and effective protection of scientific data rights; promote the open sharing of scientific data by classification gradually; and enhance the international cooperation practice of open sharing of scientific data.
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