文章摘要
叶 京,魏华颖.韩国女性科技人才政策的演进、成效及启示[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2022,(3):52~58
韩国女性科技人才政策的演进、成效及启示
Research on the Policy’s Evolution, Effect and Enlightenment of Female Sci-tech Talents in South Korea
投稿时间:2022-01-16  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2022.03.009
中文关键词: 韩国;女性科技人才;人才政策
英文关键词: South Korea; female sci-tech talents; talent policy
基金项目:中国科学院科技战略咨询研究院院长青年基金项目“智库人才的复合型特征与培养研究”(E2X0591Q)。
作者单位
叶 京  
魏华颖  
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中文摘要:
      本文系统梳理近20年来韩国制定实施的一系列女性科技人才政策,将其演进历程划分为起步期(1993—2003年)、发展期(2004—2013年)和深化期(2014年至今)三个阶段,并分析了各阶段特征;基于政府统计年鉴、评估报告等数据,揭示了政策实施成效与存在问题;总结了四方面政策经验启示,即重视提升女性科技人才培养与使用的战略地位;重视培养、使用和基础建设三部分政策内容的相互作用;重视构建职业生涯全周期的支持体系;重视营造可创造科学技术价值的社会氛围。
英文摘要:
      This paper systematically combs the evolution of female sci-tech talents policies in South Korea during the past 20 years. It divides the policy evolution into three stages: initial stage (1993-2003), development stage (2004-2013) and deepening stage (2014-present). Based on the government’s annual statistical yearbooks, evaluation reports and other data, this paper analyzes the characteristics of policy making and its evolution process to reveal the implementation effects and existing problems. At last, this paper summarizes policy making experience and practice in South Korea, which includes four aspects: attaching importance to enhancing the strategic position of the cultivation and utilization of female sci-tech talents, the interaction of cultivation, utilization and infrastructure policies, constructing the support system of the whole career cycle, and creating a social atmosphere with the value of creating science and technology.
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