文章摘要
吴昊天1 杨传喜1,2.不同科技活动类型的农业科技资源错配研究[J].中国科技资源导刊,2022,(5):100~110
不同科技活动类型的农业科技资源错配研究
Research on the Mismatch of Agricultural Science and Technology Resources of Different Types of Science and Technology Activities
投稿时间:2022-01-20  
DOI:
中文关键词: 农业科技资源;科技活动类型;资源错配;投入结构;错配变动效应
英文关键词: agricultural science and technology resources, type of science and technology activities, resource mismatch, input structure, effect of mismatch change
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“农业科技资源错配的形成机理、效应测度及纠偏策研究”(72064009);广西自然科学基金面上项目“农业科技资源错配:模型构建、测度及纠偏研究”(2020GXNSFAA159013);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“创新驱动乡村振兴背景下农业科技资源错配效应及优化策略研究”(20YJA630076)
作者单位
吴昊天1 杨传喜1,2 (1. 桂林理工大学商学院,广西桂林 541004;2. 桂林旅游学院商学院,广西桂林 541006) 
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中文摘要:
      从农业科技资源投入结构视角,利用2009—2019年农业分行业研究与开发机构面板数据,测算农业不同行业间及行业内部不同科技活动类型的错配情况,以及消除错配后总体农业生产率的潜在增长率。研究发现:农业、农林牧渔专业及辅助性活动行业的人力资源错配程度最明显,林业、渔业的财力资源错配较为严重;农业、农林牧渔专业及辅助性活动行业在基础研究活动人力资源和财力资源均配置不足,农业、林业、农林牧渔专业及辅助性活动行业财力资源投入不足;林业和渔业在应用研究类型的人力、财力资源均配置过度;农业、畜牧业及农林牧渔专业及辅助性活动在试验发展类型人力资源配置过剩,林业、农业、农林牧渔专业及辅助性活动在试验发展类型财力资源投入冗余。
英文摘要:
      From the perspective of the investment structure of agricultural science and technology resources, the panel data of agricultural sub-industry research and development institutions from 2009 to 2019 are used to calculate the mismatch of different types of science and technology activities between and within different agricultural industries, as well as the potential growth rate of the overall agricultural productivity after eliminating the mismatch. It is found that the mismatch of human resources in agriculture, agriculture, forestry, forestry, fishery and auxiliary activity industries is the most obvious, while the mismatch of financial resources in forestry and fishery is more serious. Agriculture, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery and financial resources are insufficient in agriculture, forestry, agriculture, animal husbandry and fishery, and financial resources in forestry and fishery; and agriculture, agricultural husbandry and fishery are redundant in experimental development.
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