文章摘要
林 垚.美英政府数据开放的经验及对我国的启示 ——以交通运输部门为例[J].中国科技资源导刊,2015,(4):45~51
美英政府数据开放的经验及对我国的启示 ——以交通运输部门为例
Experiences of Open Data in US and UK Governments and Implications forChina——Taking Transportation Sector as an Example
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 开放数据;电子政务;公共信息资源;交通运输;政府数据;经验研究
英文关键词: open data, E-government, public information resources, transportation sector, government, date
基金项目:中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费项目“交通科学数据共享基础平台研发与数据开放机制研究”(20140204)。
作者单位
林 垚 交通运输部科学研究院,北京 100029 
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中文摘要:
      交通运输关乎民生,为公众高度关注。为切实获取对行业政府数据开放的指导,在调研美、英两国政府 数据开放的应用情况后,重点剖析了其交通部的特有做法,他们在开放布局、计划编制、开放数据遴选、工作机制建 设等方面的经验值得借鉴。基于此,对照北京、上海两地开放数据的现状及问题,并针对我国交通运输政府数据开放 提出几点启示,以期为行业加快公共信息资源开放提供参考。
英文摘要:
      Transportation concerns the livelihood of the people for the public attention. In order for the guidance of the government open data on industry, the paper analyzes specific practices of US department of transportation and Britain’s department for transport after an investigation for government open data into the United States and Britain. The experience of open layout, planning, open data selection and working mechanism in these governments are worth learning. Based on these and current situation and problems of open data in Beijing and Shanghai, the paper puts forward several enlightenments for open data in our transportation governments. The research results can provide important reference for the industry to accelerate the opening of public information resources.
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