文章摘要
王学评 陈 杨 兰晓双.中美两国科技奖励评审制度的比较与思考[J].中国科技资源导刊,2018,(3):76~81
中美两国科技奖励评审制度的比较与思考
Insight into Science and Technology Awards Selection System of China andUSA
投稿时间:2018-02-05  
DOI:
中文关键词: 科技奖励;评审制度;同行评议;提名制;中美比较
英文关键词: science and technology awards, review system, peer review, experts recommend, comparison between China and the United States
基金项目:地质矿产评价专项基金“地学文献数据采集整合与服务”(12120114073601)。
作者单位
王学评 陈 杨 兰晓双 (中国地质调查局地学文献中心,北京 100083) 
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中文摘要:
      对中美两国科技奖项评审中候选人产生方式、评审流程等制度进行了比较与剖析。结果表明,在我国科技 奖评审中存在专家提名推荐的比例偏低、获奖比例偏高等问题,提出加大专家推荐和同行评议、控制奖励数量等相关 政策建议。
英文摘要:
      This paper analyzed the difference in candidates’ selection and review process of China and America, and revealed same shortcomings in Chinese award selection system such as lower ratio of expert recommend, and relatively higher winner ratio, etc. The authors suggest that our science and technology award system should pay more attention to expert recommendation in candidates’ selection, reform the “quota control” and reduce the quantity of the prize winner.
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