文章摘要
王 立,封 颖.中国大陆裔移民一代极少占据美国职场高端岗位的现象及其原因分析[J].全球科技经济瞭望,2019,34(9):58~70,76
中国大陆裔移民一代极少占据美国职场高端岗位的现象及其原因分析
Why Very Few Chinese Mainland-origin Immigrant Talents Occupied Executive Positions in US Job Market
投稿时间:2019-08-28  
DOI:10.3772/j.issn.1009-8623.2019.09.009
中文关键词: 美国职场;企业高管;美股指数企业;中国大陆裔移民一代
英文关键词: US job market; enterprise executive positions; US stock market index enterprises; Chinese mainland-origin immigrant talents
基金项目:
作者单位
王 立  
封 颖  
摘要点击次数: 1443
全文下载次数: 1020
中文摘要:
      近年来陆续有报道指出,中国大陆裔移民一代极少占据美国职场高端岗位。基于这一现象是否属实及在哪些层面上属实,本文使用美国纳指100和财富美国200强企业高管(代表美国高科技企业和大企业)、全美初创企业创始人(代表创业家)和美国前100名商学院正职院长(代表美国高校)四个层面计算出了中国大陆裔所占比例,并与印度裔、中国台湾裔和中国香港裔对比。数据验证上述现象确属存在,特别是272家美企的核心高管岗位大陆裔为0的事实说明统计年龄段的大陆裔普遍没有达到美国企业核心高管的标准和要求。对此,本文研究结论是“作为整体的大陆一代移民极少能在美国职场爬升至高端岗位”这一现象确属存在,根本原因在于“大陆人与美国人的思维模式存在很大差异”。认为原因有二:一是统计年龄段赴美大陆裔升任美国职场高端岗位难度大,二是中国发展红利期导致较多美国职场华裔中层岗位者被派回大陆或者吸引其回国发展。同时排除了两个原因:赴美大陆留学生英语非母语和留学生生源素质和数量。
英文摘要:
      Recent reports show very few Chinese mainland-origin talents (first generation immigrants, the same below) have successfully occupied high-end positions such as CEO-level (the top level) or Executive-level (the second-top level) in US enterprise job market. To identify and quantify this issue, this paper calculates and compares the exact ratio of the mainland-origin, Taiwan-origin Hong Kong-origin and India-origin, talents of 272 enterprises from all-sample of US Nasdaq 100 enterprises and Fortune 200 enterprises, start-up founders and deans of US top 100 business schools. Some key findings include: 1) Only 8 of Chinese mainland-origin have the Executive-level positions in 272 US enterprises, but none of them holds a CEO-level position. 2) Comparing with the Taiwan-origin Hong Kong-origin and India-origin, Chinese mainland-origin talents hold much few Executive-level positions and a much narrower position types in 272 US enterprises. This paper concludes the fundamental reason is the mindset of Chinese mainland-origin immigrant talents hugely differ with the native US. Further, this paper points out two causes behind the situation and excludes the other two causes.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器
关闭

分享按钮